On this page you will find the glossary, an alphabetically sorted list and explanation of terms of foreign and technical terms with a focus on health and psychology. It is important to me that the terms are explained briefly and understandably. If you want to delve deeper into the relevant subject, you can take a look at the relevant articles here.

 

A

ADHD

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder refers to a disorder in the transmission of information between nerve cells in the brain.
The main symptoms include inattention, hyperactivity and impulsivity.

ADHD is not just a childhood disease, but can also be diagnosed in adulthood. If the disorder is not treated, it impairs the performance and social interaction of those affected.

Anamnesis

The anamnesis is the initial discussion between doctor and patient and can enrich the diagnosis with further information by asking specific questions. The suspected diagnosis must then be ruled out or confirmed by further examinations.

Antidepressants

Antidepressants are medications that can be used to help with things like depression, anxiety, panic, and obsessive-compulsive disorders. Depending on the effect, these can be divided into different groups and only start to take effect after a long period of ingestion.

Depending on the tolerability and severity of the disease, different preparations must be tried. It is important not to adjust the dosage prescribed by the doctor on your own and to speak openly about any side effects that may occur.

B

Bipolar

Bipolar disorder is a severe mental illness characterized by phases of mania and depression.

During mania, sufferers are often overactive, euphoric, or irritable.
This is followed by a phase of depression with dejection, listlessness and sadness.

Borderline

Borderline Disorder is a personality disorder in which people suffer from intense and uncontrollable emotions. The quite strong emotional fluctuations and outbursts of anger can lead to self-harm, up to and including attempting suicide.

Traumatic experiences in childhood often play a major role.
Thanks to special therapeutic measures, there is still hope that the disease will progress positively.

C

Chronic

A disease is called chronic if it develops slowly over a certain period of time and cannot be cured quickly like an acute disease.
Patients with chronic diseases can only be cured with difficulty or not at all.

D

Depressions

Depression refers to phases of varying severity with often depressed mood, listlessness and sadness. Numerous other symptoms can accompany this common mental disorder. These include trouble sleeping, irritability, decreased self-confidence, anxiety and suicidal thoughts.

If symptoms persist for at least two weeks, a diagnosis of depression can be made. But there are also good and effective medicinal and therapeutic treatments.

Dopamine

Dopamine is also known as the happiness hormone and is an important messenger in the nervous system.

When the brain perceives a positive experience, it releases more dopamine.
As a result, our motivation and drive is increased.

Dopamine is derived from the amino acid tyrosine and can also be obtained from foods such as beetroot.

H

Hallucinations

Hallucinations are sensory illusions that can be triggered by various factors.
Those affected see, hear, feel or smell something that does not exist. They are convinced that it is real.

I

ICD-10

ICD-10 is an international assignment system for diagnoses and serves as a prerequisite for billing with health insurance companies.

In addition, there are identifiers F00-F99 for mental and behavioral disorders.
For example, F32.0-F32.9 are the depressive episodes.

The ICD code page contains explanations of the encrypted diagnoses.

M

Mania

A manic episode is a period of intense high and often unjustified good mood. During these phases, those affected often feel above average, creative and tend to be overactive.

N

Neurosis

Neuroses are mental disorders that are not based on physical causes.
These can be, for example, fears, phobias and depressive moods.

P

Psychosis

A psychotic disorder is a disorder in the perception of oneself and others. Those affected have the feeling of losing touch with reality and often suffer from hallucinations and delusions.

During a recovery phase, which is shorter or longer depending on the severity of the psychosis, an improvement or healing can be achieved with therapeutic help.

PTSD

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder is a short-term or delayed reaction to a traumatic experience.

Patients relive their trauma in flashbacks or nightmares and sometimes develop symptoms such as indifference, emotional dullness, irritability and sleep disorders. There is also an increased risk of addiction, depression and other mental illnesses.

R

Rehabilitation

Rehabilitation means alleviation, elimination of physical, psychological and social consequences of an illness in order to be able to participate in everyday life again. Stays in rehabilitation clinics or outpatient rehabilitation measures serve this purpose.

S

Skin Picking

Skin Picking disorder is a type of obsessive-compulsive disorder that causes people to repeatedly pick at their skin, hair, or nails.

As a rule, this is not done to conceal unsightly areas, but is often based on a high level of tension, pressure or fear. Followed by insecurity and shame.

Symptoms

Symptoms are signs, warnings, or characteristics that describe an illness. These can be reported by the patient as a complaint or can be recorded by the doctor through examinations.